Gathering : sharp at Lainchour (In front of Malla Hotel)
Departure for Chobhar : sharp
Plantation : 8: 30 am onwards
Lunch : 11: 30 am
Departure for Kathmandu :
The Prime minister of Nepal Baburam Bhattrai is planning to leave for the trip to Rio de Janerio on Monday to address the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development of Rio+20 from June 20-22. The government made the decision on May 29 after the dissolution of the Constituent Assembly where PM Bhattarai is expected to lead a 21-member delegation for the Rio+20 summit.
Similarly looking back to history in COP 15 2008, when Prime Minister Baburam Bhattrai attended the conference he opined,” Climate change and sustainable development as an ‘anti-development agenda’ and ‘imperialist propaganda. He expressed his staunch belief that Nepal needed to be fully industrialized at all cost and work on its economic growth rather than focus on ‘environment issues’ that hindered economic growth.”
With high controversy and interest surrounding the issue of global warming and climate change, it has become a huge interest for political leaders not in regards to issue but with the question of international exposure and recognition. It may seems a question of incompetence but the head of the state who lack to understand the issues, represent the country on forecasting and bargaining the deal for climate change issue and agendas is a joke. May be that is the reason why we get the least of what is offered on table. The go green campaign has become a political agenda in synchronizing and interpreting its meaning questioning the relevancy and effectiveness of the whole visit and barging at the international table. Anyone can imagine the state of mind and result with such intellectual capabilities as ultimately it comes down to the person leading the team, so what to expect with leaders, who lack to understand the potency of such summit.
Likewise, opposition parties and Nepali congress activists have announced that they will show black flags and prevent the PM from going to the summit. In September 2010, then Prime Minister Madhav Kumar Nepal had called off his trip to New York to take part in the 65th UN General Assembly owing to his caretaker status and domestic political. Climate change issue has been a political issue of substance which more or less stands for international recognition and exposure.
Due to lack of political culture and weak ethics, Nepal politics fluctuation with cheap publicity stunts and marketing strategies that are least effective questioning the image and vision of a leader. A leader who in true sense would lead the country towards development with effective policies not political agenda's
Durban, South Africa December 8, 2011: The Durban COP 17 mandate which is due to end on Friday is surrounded with controversies and is divided over whether the Kyoto Protocol has a future or not. The EU has openly expressed its intention of joining the extension of the Kyoto Protocol only if the world’s biggest emitters, including China, the US and India, will do the same. Where the question lies in the three big nations CHINA, USA and INDIA.
The problems seem to lie with these three players who have been manipulating the protocol in their own desired way. China on the positive side seems to be ready to advance to the next stage of the Kyoto protocol but still has its side of reservation regarding some issues where as on the other side India and Unites states seems to be the two biggest democracies hindering the process highlighting their priorities and issues . They have been arguing with the issue of their contradiction where they seem transverse to the issue. The USA on the other side has been very hard on issues of its standards and way of life where as on the other side India has been reluctant to the fact that Indian economic development would be hampered by climate protection.
One world group, says “The United States has been accused time and again over the past 10 days of trying to block progress on many key issues. Perhaps the biggest issue of them all is a mandate to negotiate a new agreement that would bring more countries under legally binding obligations to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions The EU is pushing for such a mandate, with a new treaty to come into effect by 2015.”
KYOTO PROTOCOL (COP 3—Kyoto, Japan, 1997) is an international agreement linked to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The major feature of the Kyoto Protocol is that it sets binding targets for 37 industrialized countries and the European community for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions .These amount to an average of five per cent against 1990 levels over the five-year period 2008-2012. The major distinction between the Protocol and the Convention is that while the Convention encouraged industrialized countries to stabilize GHG emissions, the Protocol commits them to do so.
What happens if the Kyoto Protocol expires is a big question for least developed countries like Nepal. The basic idea behind the Kyoto protocol was to create feasible environment of DIPLOMACY in between the Developed, developing and the under developed countries where a feasible solution could be figured out in adaptation strategy for the under developed countries and further mitigation strategies could be adapted by the Developed and developing countries. The protocol was designed to encase the drafter with respect to their realistic emissions-reduction goals, and decrease in pollution levels that would start to mitigate climate change.
The basic purpose of the Kyoto Protocol was to reduce the level of green house gases emission and to further help integrate the least developed countries a voice to speak for themselves. With a limited output in the past years from the time of its initiation till now, Kyoto protocol has seen its ups and downs where 200 nations had signed the protocol and only 37 developed nations have took the GHG reduction goal. The prospect of KYOTO PROTOCOL seems as a question for its effectiveness and operation. Despite being one of its strongest early supporters United States never ratified the protocol. the Bush Administration believed it gave the undeveloped nations an economic advantage. Therefore, most of the world’s biggest CO2 contributors are not bound by the Kyoto Protocol to reduce their emissions. Ratification makes a country legally bound to the commitment it made when it signed the document.
The protocol also highlights the major issue of reducing the rates of the GHG emission rate by its rates of 1990 where it moderately subside the level of what and how much. Most importantly it lacks to address the contribution and role of the developing countries that had experienced great economic growth, such as India and China during the period of the protocol. While participating nations are given credit for planting trees and funding sustainable energy, there is no reward for conservation or preservation. This protocol does not protect the existing forests that hold 40% of terrestrial carbon. The Protocol doesn’t even set a long-term goal for atmospheric concentrations of CO2, so there is no objective reason for either the overall reductions or the particular reductions by individual nations that it proposes.
So the difference in between the understanding of Developed and the developing nations have certainly led to point out the cons of the Kyoto protocol. But reality is with great powers, come great responsibilities and if these gaps are not overcome with proper mechanism. The world will certainly have to face confrontation at the stake of what we has lost …………………….
Climate change has been a global issue of talks especially in big conferences and seminars but when it comes to ground reality it always lacks its practicability in different areas of application. Climate change is an issue of development and growth which is hard to overcome. Like said that climate change issues have not only evolved as a big problem but it also threatens its victim with the by-products that are more alerting.
On contrary it also highlights as a powerful sector of investment and opportunities with dues of limited accessibility and contradiction. Reality is it has been a constant issue of talks for what must be done on the controversial side where nobody talks about it’s by products and its hard affects which is more or less important. To be specific especially for a country like Nepal with limited Green house gas emission rate of 0.11 per person per country which is anything and still the effects of climate change is clearly visible in Nepal. Blaming climate change as the main cause of problems if you look at Nepal’s situation it is very vivid to its practices of how, and what is happening here.
From the melting of the Glacier due to temperature rise in the Himalayan region to the farming externalities of pest, climate change has been an issue of attracting donor money with no end results. Sorting the techniques climate change not only initiates cons but it also has its pros with profitable applications which to some extent shadows in. Sidelining these issues these days a new issue has evolved in the Himalayan region. The current problem other than temperature rise in the Himalayan region is taking shape of immediate attention highlighting the lack of proper waste management. Though the government with its stipulated rules and regulation has created provision of liaison officer and checking waste management but more or less to its practicality the lack of moderation certainly is piling up the Everest region with waste that are visible and waste that not visible(human waste) .
Under the Mountaineering Rules and Regulation 2059, under section 15 sub head of Functions and Duties of a Mountain Guide, it is clearly stated To bring back the garbage that came out above the base camp while using any commodity to the base camp compulsorily similarly under .
Section 27 titled Classification and Management of Garbage defines following points:
(1)The garbage shall be classified for the purpose of garbage management used by the mountaineering expedition team as follows:
(a) Garbage which can be destroyed
(b) Garbage which can be recycled
(c) Garbage which his to be re imported
(2)The materials to be considered the garbage pursuant to sub rule (1) shall be as prescribed in Schedule –10.
(Relating to sub rule (2) of Rule 27)
The materials to be considered as garbage
The following materials shall come under the following garbage:-
(a) Garbage which can be destroyed: Toilet paper, paper, cardboard, things made from bamboo, jute and cotton bag, decomposed food or dead body.
(b) Garbage which can be recycled: Tin, bottle, jar, plastic can, plastic shit, reusable gas cylinder, and plastic bag or gas container.
(c)Garbage which has to be re-imported: Used oxygen bottle, used battery, equipment to be used for climbing or personnel goods etc.
Surfacing the fact of the application and visibility few attempts have been made in bring back the visible waste but what about the bio hazardous ( Human Waste). Can you imagine your waste being frozen there for ages and still have the potentiality of being harmful for the environment? It’s like time stops where everything else is frozen. The effects of lack of waste management are visible. During the summer season when the snow melts dead crops of mountaineers can be seen in unreachable areas lying abandon. Likewise with the threat of melting down of the glacier the lack of management of waste in the Everest region has significantly triggered the utmost need of managing the human waste there.
In a report of United Nation Environment Program, states “Concentrated visitor activity in mountain areas generates significant amounts of both solid waste and wastewater, which can pollute water and soil through improper storage and disposal. Solid waste can build up from food and beverage consumption and the disposal of used packaging, supplies and equipment. Certain types of waste, including pharmaceuticals, personal products and cleaning products may contain dangerous chemicals that can harm local ecosystems, wildlife or people. Accidental or poorly managed discharges of oils and fuels from vehicles, vessels or equipment can be a significant source of water or soil pollution. Wastewater and sewage from facilities, water craft and animals, such as sled dogs and horses, can also easily pollute freshwater resources, particularly since human and other wastes and chemicals break down more slowly in alpine areas.”
Till date it is estimated that more than 1million people have reached the Everest region from the time of its first scale and their waste lies as a ticking time bomb frozen and waiting for the right time to be released with all its fury. It certainly can ruin the mountain environment and its surrounding ecosystem. Though huge efforts are made to stop garbage and littering in Everest region but a less ignored area is the human waste which is certainly more threatening.